Currants come in red, black, and gold colors when ripe. The shrubs have several identifying features, including smell, shape, height, clustering pattern, flowers, and leaf patterns. In the fall, it drops its leaves without much fanfare, and in the spring it greens up again in the blink of an eye. Instead of dry leaves, you can use 200 g of garlic or onions instead of dry leaves. Currant Borer. Mulch helps keep the soil moist and cool, and prevents competition from weeds. Jeff Lowenfels: I got tons of emails about caterpillars stripping the leaves off gooseberries and currants. If you have one of these plants, you have the problem. Height and spread to 8ft (2.5). Red areas on currant bush leaves. The imported currant worm (Nematus ribesii) is a sawfly larva that feeds on and skeletonizes currant and gooseberry leaves. Whites are the sweetest and can be eaten out of hand. Dried currants are becoming increasingly popular as a snack. Wild currants are closely related to gooseberries. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! If your soil is clay or sandy, work in lots of organic matter before planting, or prepare a raised bed. The currant bush "signals" about its diseases: the leaves turn yellow, dry and fall, berries dry, the trunk begins to rot. Read on and learn about the many black currant leaf uses. Water thoroughly after planting and apply 2 to 4 inches (5 to 10 cm.) Suggestions? If they are all planted close together with poor air circulation and there is wet weather that can be a problem. Currants can also be eaten fresh – and are especially healthy since they’re high in both Vitamin C and antioxidants. ; Choose rather well-lit exposure. Plants may drop their leaves when temperatures exceed 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29 C.) for an extended period of time. It forms a thick shrub with branches all the way to ground level. As leaves continue to develop, they will be crinkled with downturned edges. Now, mid July, currant bush leaves almost all yellow and dropping. http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/fruit/currants-and-gooseberries-in-the-home-garden/ . Our one Whitney crab tree leaves are full of spots and falling also. It bears deep green leaves 2” wide, each with 3-5 lobes. Ribes odoratum (buffalo currant or clove currant) has rich yellow, clove scented flowers. Foliage – deciduous Flowering – April Harvest – July-August. Add additional mulch every year to bring it up to the proper depth. The spots have a reddish appearance. Thank you, anne connolly. I transplanted a fairly large Black currant bush two years ago from my friend's garden. High in nutrition and low in fat, it’s no wonder currants are more popular than ever. Pale yellow aphids may be seen on the lower leaf surface. The sweetly scented flowers are tubular and golden-yellow when fresh, but turn orangish to violet with age. Currants come in red, pink, white and black. The red currant is a multiple-stemmed bush that usually grows up to 5 feet tall and wide, producing chains of small, edible bright-red berries that ripen in July. Keep the fertilizer 12 inches (30 cm.) Currant bushes can pollinate their own flowers, so you only have to plant one variety to get fruit, although you’ll get bigger fruit if you plant two different varieties. Morphology: This deciduous, multi-stemmed shrub grows 8’-10’ tall on upright-arching stems. What are black currant leaves for? saga1966 / Getty Images How to Grow Alpine Currant . Give them only a couple of tablespoons of 10-10-10 fertilizer once a year in early spring. This fungal disease affects two hosts -- currant plants and white pine trees. If your currant plant’s leaves are being skeletonized, you probably have sawfly. Blackcurrant is a shrub that produces a delicious fruit: sweet black currant berries. They need well-drained soil with plenty of organic matter and a pH between 5.5 and 7.0. Although closely related, you can easily distinguish currants and gooseberries by examining the canes and fruit. It is a good idea to plant currant bushes in fall or until spring, while avoiding frost spells. According to the USDA Nutrition Handbook, they have more vitamin C, phosphorous and potassium than any other fruit. Basic Black Currant facts. Early to leaf out and late to drop leaves that turn sunny yellow in fall, making it a great addition to a mixed hedgerow. 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Black currant (Ribes nigrum), sometimes known as blackcurrant, is a woody shrub native to Europe and Asia.Although this currant plant is grown for its small black berries, it is also highly valued for the leaves, which are said to have great value as a medicinal herb. These local resources can also help you choose the variety that grows best in the area. There is even a clove currant (Ribes odoratum), which is very fragrant.All currants have attractive flowers and maple-like leaves that make them desirable in the edible landscape. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. from the trunk of the shrub. I am in Southern Ontario, Canada (Zone 5). The red currant’s deep bluish-green leaves also add interest to landscapes throughout the spring, summer and autumn. Alpine currant is one tough cookie. Currant blister aphid is very common, leading to puckered leaves at the shoot tips, which are often reddish or yellowish green. Jostaberry fruit is larger than black currant, but smaller than most gooseberries; has papery blossom remnant on fruit just like gooseberry. Description Flowering currant is not only a Northwest native, growing extensivley from British Columbia south to northern California, but has also become popular garden shrub grown for its brightly colored and scented flowers in early spring. Currant shrubs prefer the cool conditions in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 5. And about the details of the treatment of currants, the most popular folk remedies for currants, we will discuss in this article. Local nurseries and agricultural extension agents can help you with information about restrictions in your area. Currants are small berries that pack a lot of nutrition. The cedar apple rust is what your junipers have. Sign up for our newsletter. Red currant fruits are used to make jellies, syrups and wines. The leaf is thickened where the cluster cup later appears. St. Paul backyard has several red currant bushes, all grouped together, about 4' x 6' total. Currant bushes live 12 to 15 years, so it’s worth taking the time to prepare the soil properly. Based on the pictures that you have provided, I cannot make a firm diagnosis of an insect pest, so cannot make any recommendations other than cleaning up the debris at the base of the plant when the leaves drop. Always ask for disease-resistant varieties. This fungus I looked up on the internet and it is supposed to affect apple trees negatively. http://www.extension.umn.edu/garden/yard-garden/fruit/currants-and-gooseberries-in-the-home-garden/. In addition, they are second only to elderberries in iron and protein content, and they are lower in fat than any fruit except nectarines. American black currant is a thornless, erect native shrub with showy yellow flowers in early spring followed by edible black berries in mid-summer. New growth this spring, and nice berry crop this June which was turned into jam/jelly. They are extremely hardy shrubs that require little to … Several stems are leafless. Currant canes lack the spines and bear 8 to 30 pea-sized berries in clusters. Golden currant (Ribes aureum) is a non-spiny shrub with stems 4-5 feet tall and mostly three-lobed, maple-like leaves. It has oval, leathery leaves and lovely yellow-green flowers in late winter. You also would need to create more air circulation around the plants, pruning and moving some would be a good idea. Plants that don’t get enough water during spring and summer may develop mildew. Vigorous, productive plants, currants require deep, fertile soil. Not worried about the crab tree but about the currant. Ask an Expert is made up of groups and individual experts. Aphids, including the Currant Blister Aphid, are first seen on currant bushes from late April to mid May depending on the climate in your area. The currents could have anthracnose or a leaf spot disease. Additionally, black currant leaves have an odd, musky scent. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. This viral disease appears as a chlorotic pattern (light and dark areas) on the leaves. The junipers have fungus that is a jello-like feel and is bright orange during damp weather. This fungus I looked up on the internet and it is supposed to affect apple trees negatively. Located nearby, 6' away, are junipers. Currant bushes (Ribes) are thornless understory shrubs, growing in USDA hardiness zones 3-8.They can grow 3-6 feet wide and tall, and can range in color from red, white, pink, or black. While I'm happy to see how resilient this plant is and that even in its first year it produced some fruit, I noticed that the issue we had last year (and I wrote it off to the stress of transplanting and very dry spring and summer) came back. For this, 150 g of dry leaves and husks are poured into 10 liters of warm water and insisted for a day. The sedge plant is the alternate host of this rust. If you’re planting in spring, water more regularly during the first months, because your shrub will need more water to develop its roots over the summer months.. To make a hedge, keep a distance of around 3 feet (1 meter) between plants. Use an insecticide developed for dealing specifically with sawfly. High in nutrition and low in fat, its no wonder currants are more popular than ever. Currant Aphid. Vigorous, productive and disease resistant. The fungus can live in the soil and in dropped foliage, so gardeners should rake up leaves as they fall. Both are members of the ribes family, and are virtually interchangeable in recipes. About Golden Currant (Ribes aureum) 35 Nurseries Carry This Plant Add to My Plant List; Known by the common names Golden Currant, Buffalo Currant, Clove Currant and Missouri Currant, it is a species of small to medium-sized deciduous shrubs 6-10 feet tall. Leaf spot causes red or white currant bush foliage to become dotted with black or brown spots. Plant currants slightly deeper than they grew in their nursery container, and space them 4 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 m.) apart. Although they are usually used in baking, jams and jellies because of their tart flavor, some types are sweet enough to eat right off the bush. Here is more info about that. Too much nitrogen also encourages diseases. If not, you are a rare exception. Zone 3-8. Reds and pinks are used primarily in jams and jellies because they are quite tart. Feb 20, 2017 - Explore John Moore's board "Black currant bushes" on Pinterest. Alpine Currant will occasionally set small currant-like fruit, … Height to 3ft (1m), spread to 4.5ft (1.5m). Ribes laurifolium (laurel-leaved currant) is an attractive dwarf evergreen that does well in a rock garden. Ribes nigrum, the blackcurrant, is a medium-sized shrub, growing to 1.5 by 1.5 metres (5 by 5 ft).The leaves are alternate, simple, 3 to 5 cm (1 1 ⁄ 4 to 2 in) broad and long with five palmate lobes and a serrated margin.All parts of the plant are strongly aromatic. Growth Habits. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. Height – 40 to 50 inches (100 to 120 cm) Exposure – full sun Soil – ordinary. If you do intend to spray them, do it at the very first sign of damage for maximum effect. Currants grow well in sun or partial shade, and appreciate afternoon shade in warm climates. of organic mulch around the plants. Water currant shrubs regularly to keep the soil moist from the time they begin growing in spring until after harvest. Fruits favored by birds. Alpine currant (Ribes alpinum) is a small deciduous shrub in the gooseberry family that is characterized by trilobed leaves and dense green foliage.They are dioecious (having both male and female plants) and the female plants produce bright red berries during the midsummer months. Treat for … Last year one small section, bush, of the bunch, died. The spores spread on the wind and cause yellowish-orange, raised spots on the underside of the currant's leaves. After that, the obtained infusion conducts the processing of the plant. See more ideas about currant bush, currants, black currants. The redcurrant, or red currant (Ribes rubrum) is a member of the genus Ribes in the gooseberry family.It is native across Europe. Excellent for moist shady sites. Eggs hatch in early spring, and the insects feed by sucking out the plant juices, which results in stunted and distorted new growth. With a small number of ticks, currant bushes are sprayed with garlic infusion. My mom's black currant bush used to produce well in the same area and I have red currants in abundance, just no black." As the infection worsens, leaves fall off the currant bush. Now, mid July, currant bush leaves almost all yellow and dropping. Located nearby, 6' away, are junipers. Crinkly Currant Leaves I recently (< 1 month ago) planted a wild black currant bush in my backyard, and last week I noticed that some of the leaves have gone crinkly. Here is more info about growing and caring for currents. Currant borer is the larvae of the currant clearwing moth. The caterpillar of this fly is a voracious eater and a handful of them can eat an entire plant in no time. There are restrictions on growing currants in some areas because they are susceptible to white pine blister rust, a disease that can devastate trees and agricultural crops. Ornamental as well as practical, currants are an excellent choice for home gardens in northern states. The rust affects leaves, stems, and fruit but is commonly found on the leaves and leaf petioles. Some currant shrubs are attractive enough to plant in a shrub or flower border. Pale yellow aphids may be seen on the lower leaf surface. With their uniquely shaped foliage, the currant bush can even be used as a fruiting hedge, planted to offer a charming edible landscape to any property. Maybe eliminating the ones on the end that create the block so that you have 2 rows instead of a block. Several stems are leafless. Gooseberry canes normally produce a spine at each leaf node and bear roughly grape-sized berries singly or in groups of two or three. The species is widely cultivated and has escaped into the wild in many regions. Some of the damage on the leaves looks like sun scald and will not affect the long-term health of the plants. Ribes rubrum is a deciduous shrub normally growing to 1–1.5 metres (3–5 ft) tall, occasionally 2 m (7 ft), with five-lobed leaves arranged spirally on the stems. This species is native to the Chicago region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Currant Mosaic. Name – Ribes nigrum Family – Grossulariaceae Type – fruit shrub. Pruning currant shrubs annually is helpful for the plant as well in both maintaining its form and inducing a bigger, healthier harvest each year. The junipers have fungus that is a jello-like feel and is bright orange during damp weather. Once infected it is important to make sure that you clean up all the leaf material and dispose of it. 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In and around the garden enough to plant in no time to develop, will... Shrubs prefer the cool conditions in USDA plant hardiness zones 3 through 5 with branches all the way to level! The leaves with stems 4-5 feet tall and mostly three-lobed, maple-like leaves soil is clay or sandy, in. Off gooseberries and currants 50 inches ( 100 to 120 cm ) Exposure – full sun soil ordinary. Dried currants are more popular than ever or clove currant ) is a non-spiny shrub with showy flowers! That produces a delicious fruit: sweet black currant is a sawfly larva that on. ) for an extended period of time is very common, leading to puckered at...